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Area 155,707 Sq. km. The Capital city is Bhubaneshwar.
Boundaries   To the East of Orissa is Bay of Bengal, to the Northeast is West Bengal, to the South is Andhra Pradesh, to the West is Madhya Pradesh and to the North is Bihar.
Important Cities and towns   Sundar Ghar, Rourkela, Sambalpur, Puri, Cuttack, Bhubaneshwar, Baleshwar, Baripada
Places of Tourist Interest
Bhubaneshwar, Gopalpur on sea, Puri, Sakshigopal, Konark, Chilka Lake, Hirakud dam, Nandan Kanan, Chandipur
Best Time To Visit   October to March
Airports   Chennai, Thiruchirapalli, Madurai, Coimbatore, Salem
South East India broadly includes the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. This region experiences north-east monsoon between October and December and temperatures and humidity are high all year. Hills of Tamil Nadu can be cold in winter.
Required Clothing  
Lightweight cottons and linens. Warmer clothes in winter particularly in hills.
Food culture
Rice forms the staple food, wheat taking second place. Meals include lightly spiced side dishes of vegetables of pulses, chutneys and pickles. Fresh seafood, especially prawns and the flat pompret fish.
Orissa is particularly noted for its milk sweets- rasamalai, khiramohan, rajbhoga, rabidi, chhenapodapitha and kalakanda. Khiri is prepared with milk and rice, semolina or vermicelli while special pithas are often filled with sweetened coconut.
Some of the must visit sites are - Bhubneshwar, Puri

Bhubaneshwar, the capital of Orissa, is often known as the 'temple town' owing to its over 7000 extravagant, Orissan architectural style temples that existed around the Bindusagar tank. About 5 kms from the city are the Udayagiri and Khandagiri caves, both dating from the Buddisht period.

Excursion :
Udaygiri Khandagiri
7 kms from Bhubaneshwar are the twin hills of Udaygiri and Khandagiri. Built by Kharavela around 1st - 2nd Century BC for Jain monks, they are excellent examples of Jain Cave art. The famous caves of Hathigumpha (elephant cave) in Udaygiri, Rani Gumpha (Queen's cave) also in Udaygiri, with upper and lower stories, spacious courtyards and extremely delicately designed friezes bear witness to the ophistication the architectural styles had attained as early as the first Century BC.

Driving down the Puri-Konark Highway from Bhubaneshwar one comes across Dhauli hill on the banks of the River Daya. Surrounded by the soothing greenery of paddy fields, lies the 3rd Century BC Ashokan Rock Edict, a memory of the gruesome war that transformed Ashoka, the great Warrior into a Buddhist missionary. The Peace Pagoda built in collaboration with the Kalinga - Japanese Buddhist Sangha, on the opposite hill, is completely modern and is an excellent foil.


Puri is the hallowed seat of the Hindu religious deities Lord Jagannath (the Lord of Universe), Subhadra and Balabhadra. One of the 4 dhams venerated by most Hindus. Puri, situated on the shores of the Bay of Bengal is also a city of outdoors, of lovely beaches, golden sands and gentle sunshine, tempting enough to invite visitors, both Indian and foreign, throughout the year.

Konark, the Temple Chariot of the Sun God (Black Pagoda) washed by the waters of the Bay of Bengal, can boast of the most exquisite specimen of Orissan craftsmanship - The Sun Temple where according to Rabindranath Tagor, 'the language of stone, defeats the language of man'. The Konark Sun Temple built on the Bay of Bengal in the 13th century A.D., today, lies almost 2 kms off the shore. The Black Pagoda to the European sailors, it captivates the spectators imagination. Constructed by Raja Narasimhadeva it is an extant example of Indian devotion to the Sun - the God of all gods, the very source of life itself.


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